Concrete is widely used for architectural structures, foundations, walls, pavements, bridges, motorways, roads, runways, parking structures, dams, reservoirs, pipes and staircases. It is used to make furniture and is even used in ships.
There are many good reasons why concrete is so widely used all over the world:
Concrete is used for its strength that actually increases over time, and is not weakened by moisture, mould or pests, which reduces maintenance.
In relation to other alternative building materials, concrete is less costly to produce and remains extremely affordable as all of its raw materials are sourced locally.
As it is naturally fire-resistant, concrete forms a highly effective barrier to fire spread.
Concrete walls and floors slow the passage of heat, reducing temperature swings, making buildings more energy efficient.
Concrete is a low carbon construction material compared to steel etc. Concrete is made from materials that are abundantly available and can contribute to the circular economy by integrating industrial by- products or waste as raw material. When the structure reaches the end of its useful life, concrete can be recycled.