Introduction to thermodynamics in cement

Further information

Thermodynamic modelling software GEMS:

Thermodynamic modelling of the hydration of Portland cement, B Lothenbach, F Winnefeld, Volume 36, Issue 2, February 2006, Pages 209–226, Cement and Concrete Research.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2005.03.001

Thermodynamic modelling of the effect of temperature on the hydration and porosity of Portland cement, B Lothenbach, T Matschei, G Möschner, FP Glasser, Volume 38, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 1–18, Cement and Concrete Research, 2008.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2007.08.017

Thermodynamic modelling: state of knowledge and challenges, B Lothenbach, D Damidot, T Matschei, J Marchand, Volume 22, Issue 4, 01 October 2010 , pages 211 –223, Advances in cement research, 2010. Link: 10.1680/adcr.2010.22.4.211


A. Thess, The Entropy Principle: Thermodynamics for the Unsatisfied. Springer, 2011, ISBN 3642133487.

P. Atkins and J. de Paula, Atkins’ Physical Chemistry, OUP Oxford, 2014, ISBN 019969740X.

G. Wedler, Physikalische Chemie. Wiley VCH, 1989, ISBN: 3527267026 (German) A. Thess, Das Entroprie Prinzip: Thermodynamic für Unzufriedene. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2007, ISBN 3486584286 (German).